The conclusion of a framework agreement can transfer the legislative composition of States to a plenary assembly and postpone the basis for the formation of the approval of new norms and new standards obtained through their negotiations.  The practice of concluding framework agreements arose in the 1950s with an asylum agreement between Colombia and Peru.  ILO Online: Do these agreements also have an impact on suppliers or related enterprises? Dominique Michel: Most framework contracts cover the entire supply chain, even if the subcontractors are not contracting parties. Companies generally undertake to inform all their subsidiaries, suppliers, contractors and subcontractors of the agreement. If it is found that a subsidiary or related company does not comply with the global agreement, the matter can be handled with the multinational headquarters, which seeks solutions within the framework of the dialogue. Dominique Michel: Fifty companies active in different sectors have signed international framework agreements with five global trade union organisations. The first was signed in 1988 by the French agri-food group Danone, the second in 1995 by the hotel chain ACCOR. It was only in 2000 that the number of agreements signed each year accelerated to 50 by the end of 2006. Among them you will find the Swedish furniture company IKEA; the American banana company Chiquita; the German pencil manufacturers Faber-Castell and Staedler; oil companies in Norway (Statoil), Italy (ENI) and Russia (Loukoil); car manufacturers in Germany and France such as Volkswagen, Daimler-Chrysler, Renault and Peugeot-Citroën; the Spanish and French electricity producers Endesa and EDF; Telecommunications companies in Spain (Telefonica) and Greece (OTE) and retailers in France (Carrefour) and Sweden (H&M). In the context of procurement, a framework agreement is an agreement between one or more undertakings or organisations `the purpose of which is to define the conditions applicable to contracts to be awarded during a given period, in particular as regards the price and, where appropriate, the quantity provided`.  As supply chains are increasingly international, IFAs are being used to promote decent work across company borders, as stated by the International Labour Organization (ILO): « Most OFIs signed after 2009 also contain provisions for suppliers to the multinational. »  codes of conduct; collective bargaining; corporate social responsibility; decent work; European collective agreements; European Framework Agreement; labour standards; social dialogue; transnational company agreement.
ILO Online: How many companies have signed such agreements to date? Dominique Michel: They do not replace direct negotiations between companies and employees, at national or company level, they only offer a framework for these negotiations so that these negotiations can take place constructively and with a minimum limit. The term « international framework agreement » is used to distinguish negotiated agreements from the type of voluntary codes of conduct that companies unilaterally adopt to demonstrate their commitment to corporate social responsibility. Therefore, ifA bargaining can be seen as the beginning of collective bargaining at transnational level. IfIs therefore see IFAs as an opportunity to integrate corporate activities into a private standardisation process in order to improve conditions for workers and trade unions around the world. Indeed, several FIFGs have developed their own policies to encourage the negotiation and implementation of AFIs, such as for example. B IndustriALL guidelines for CSAs.  Dominique Michel: Most framework agreements include monitoring mechanisms with trade union participation. These mechanisms include specific measures by management and employee representatives, such as the dissemination (and, where appropriate, translation) of the agreement at company level, or the development of joint training programmes. . .