« What developed was a series that included hundreds, if not thousands, of contracts, international air agreements between countries that regulated how aviation operated and could be operated. » 286 Britain signed a pioneering airline agreement with China, which ministers say is the first in a series of open skies agreements to boost trade and tourism after Brexit. RECOGNISING that consistency between European Union law and the provisions of bilateral air services agreements between the Member States of the European Union and the Government of the People`s Republic of China will provide a sound legal basis for air services between the European Union and the People`s Republic of China and will ensure the continuity of such air services, the British vote on Brexit requires the UK to define its aeropolitical rights after Brexit. It is not yet clear whether the UK is willing and able to effectively maintain the status quo or whether it has to conclude a number of bilateral agreements. It is still too early to read the UK`s apparent openness to the China air deal as an indicator that the UK will be liberal in all its markets. It is too important to limit Chinese airlines, especially because of direct state ownership of the three largest airlines. 2. References in each of the agreements listed in Annex I to nationals of the Member State which is a party to this Agreement shall be construed as references to nationals of a Member State. Air China (CA, Beijing Capital) and the Government of the Macao Special Administrative Region (SAR), Air Macau`s largest shareholders, have reached an agreement to continue the company`s third such measure since 2009. In a separate agreement, China and Britain agreed to increase the 50% limit for weekly flights between countries.

The current bilateral agreement of 2016 sets the limit at 100 flights per week, while the limit will be increased to 150 under the terms of the new agreement. The DfT renewed the bilateral air services agreement with China to allow more weekly flights between the two countries. Until now, the limit was 40 flights per week by British airlines to China and 40 return flights from Chinese airlines to Britain. This was increased to 100 flights each. There will be no limit on the number of all-cargo services (but most Heathrow cargoes are carried out as abdominal loaders and not as separate cargo ships). Currently, Chinese airlines operate 38 flights a week between the two countries and British airlines operate 29. The only UK airports that have flights to China are Heathrow and Manchester. The previous agreement was that each UK airline could serve a maximum of 6 separate airports in China. Today, British airlines can be served anywhere in mainland China. Chris Grayling, the transport minister, said the deal was a « great moment for Britain ».

However, airlines will have to decide whether it makes sense to use the additional capacity to offer new Chinese flights to and from China, with dubious demand, if transatlantic routes are more profitable. The hope is probably to increase the number of British companies and British exports. The DfT ignores the problem that Britain imports more than twice as much from China as it exports to China. More theft can make things worse…